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Design of Japanese Garden applied to an Architectural Project

Do you need to design a Japanese garden for your project and do not know how to do it? Here we tell you!

The Japanese garden is a space dedicated to meditation and reflection, which is increasingly popular in the West.

japanese garden

Today in Arquinétpolis we will talk about the Japanese gardens, the Japanese garden has a very important symbolism within the Japanese culture since this space is dedicated for reflection and meditation, the Japanese see the garden as a small representation of what they are and where they come from, since they have used all these elements (water, rocks, sand) and moved them to this space, these gardens are approximately thirteen centuries old and have survived throughout history. also these spaces are extremely important within the Buddhist doctrine.

According to the perception of oriental cultures the gardens should not be for walking as are the conventional gardens that we know, these gardens should be appreciated and admired as if it were a sculpture or a painting.

It is important to have at home a space that makes us feel more in touch with nature and the landscape of our environment, with this space we should make people feel that they visit peace and tranquility since this garden inspires contemplation and reflection, definitely in the homes of large cities is increasingly useful and necessary a space dedicated to rest as the stress in which we live day to day can cause many times that we can even get sick.

Examples of Japanese gardens

Over time, new styles and modalities of Japanese gardens have emerged, including:

  • Walk gardens. These gardens consist of a path through a path and usually revolve around a pond or water source.
  • Contemplation gardens (karesansui). In these gardens the rocks and the environment are the main ingredient and are only equipped with a small bench to sit and contemplate the landscape.
  • Tea Gardens. These gardens lead us through a path to a Japanese tea house.

Components of the Japanese garden

Basically these gardens are composed of two principles. The first is the reproduction at scale of landscapes such as mountains, lakes, rivers or the sea, all this in the simplest way possible and the second principle is symbolism because as they are I just mentioned this type of garden has a very special meaning within the Buddhist doctrine and has to do with the mysticism that surrounds these spaces.

Before starting to think about the design of our garden. Make an analysis of the space on which we will build it and also of the environment we are surrounded, since an important part in the success of our design will be adapting our garden to the environment that surrounds us to make it look like another extension of the terrain.

For example, if we live in a mountain place it would be a mistake to think about elaborating a Japanese garden design that represents a sea landscape, it is not necessary to make an exact and faithful representation of a landscape, remember that these gardens handle many symbolisms that we can use some elements that represent symbolically what we want to transmit with our garden.

As far as materials are concerned Japanese gardens use rocks and water as their main elements. There is no pattern or a design guide here it is about blowing your imagination and representing the landscape that you want but remember to do it with simplicity since we do not want to be overwhelmed with too many visual elements and what we want in this space is peace and tranquility.

Other elements that are used are sand and gravel with which we can represent environments of rivers or beaches. In a matter of vegetation we can plant in bonsai, ferns and chrysanthemums as well as other oriental species to give more identity to our garden however if climatic reasons we can not have these plants we can use those that we like and produce sensations of relaxation.

Design and construction advice

First of all we must select the landscape we want to represent. Once selected then we must know what elements we will need. Immediately afterwards you will have to think about the function that you want your garden to fulfill, for example if it is going to be a meditation garden or if it is going to be one for walking and walking, then the distribution of the elements is important, as I said before. It is necessary to recreate the landscape perfectly as if it were a model, if we can not use the symbolism.

For example, if we are going to represent a beach it is not necessary to fill our water garden. It is enough that we know how to distribute stones and sand well and put a water element in the center as a fountain or a small pond.

It is important to separate the areas well. You can put aside your landscape and on another lawn with flowers or the plants you choose for your design, another important thing is to choose very well the place where you will sit to contemplate your garden (in case of make it a garden to meditate), once you have all this at the end you can place the decorations you want as well as the lighting.

As friends can see it is not so difficult to build and design a Japanese garden. They have many advantages since not having too many plants do not need much maintenance, which translates into a saving of time and money as well as the benefits that we can bring are many contributing to that we have a mental stability and we can rest our mind of so much stress that we accumulate day by day.

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